Panama, June 19, 2020. Maria Eugenia Brenes, Mayte Sanchez Gonzalez, Milagros Caballero and Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez, attorneys at Morgan & Morgan, contributed with the Panama chapter of The World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law Index.
The publication, which was supported by experts from different countries, presents a portrait of the rule of law in 126 countries by providing scores and rankings bases on eight factors: constraints on government powers, absence of corruption, open government, fundamental rights, order and security, regulatory enforcement, civil justice, and criminal justice.
The PDF version is available online here.
Panama, November 25, 2019. Partners Carlos Ernesto González Ramírez (Antitrust & Competition), Inocencio Galindo (Banking & Finance), and Francisco Arias (Corporate and M&A) have been included at LACCA Approved 2020, a selection of Latin American leading lawyers in specific areas of law.
Approved lawyers have been personally recommended by members of LACCA, who are all general counsel from the top multinationals and private companies across the region.
More information on http://laccanet.com/approved/.
Morgan & Morgan received top-tier rankings in the international directory IFLR1000, a guide that analyzes the work of lawyers in the financial and corporate transactional area.
In addition, five lawyers of the firm are listed as leading professionals:
- Aristides Anguizola – Rising Star
- Francisco Arias – Highly Regarded
- Carlos Ernesto González Ramírez – Highly Regarded
- Inocencio Galindo – Highly Regarded
Meet them at Here.
Panama, January 2, 2019. Partners Inocencio Galindo (Banking and Finance), Francisco Arias (Corporate / M&A), Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez (Antitrust) and Mercedes Arauz de Grimaldo (Labor) have been recognized at LACCA Approved 2019, a selection of Latin American leading lawyers in specific areas of law.
Approved lawyers have been personally recommended by members of the Latin American Corporate Counsel Association, who are all top general counsel from the top multinationals and private companies across the region.
More information on http://laccanet.com/approved/
Morgan & Morgan and five attorneys of the firm recognized by the IFLR1000 Financial and Corporate guide 2019
Panama, January 4, 2019. Morgan & Morgan received top-tier rankings in the IFLR1000´s 2019 Financial and Corporate guide in the categories Financial and Corporate and Project Development.
In addition, five (5) lawyers of the firm are listed as leading professionals in their areas of practice:
• Francisco Arias
• Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez
• Inocencio Galindo
• Ramón Varela
• Aristides Anguizola
The IFLR1000 rankings are the result of a 6-month, in depth research project by IFLR 1000 independent editorial team who consider three main criteria: transactional evidence, peer feedback, and client feedback.
Alvaro E. Tomas and Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez, partners, Morgan & Morgan
What has made corporate stalwarts such as Maersk (shipping), Procter & Gamble (consumer goods), LG (electronics), Caterpillar (construction equipment), CEMEX (construction materials) , Nike (sports equipment and apparel) and Heineken (breweries), just to name a few, choose to establish their headquarters in this small country with a population of merely 4 million? The answer lies in great part in the vision of a well-known lawyer who, given all the benefits Panama already afforded foreign companies, decided to take it to a whole new level.
We all know that Panama has a privileged geographical position, nestled between the two America’s and a stone’s throw away from the Caribbean. Almost 6% percent of the entire world’s trade goes thru the Panama Canal. We know that it uses the US Dollar as currency, has a solid and competitive financial center, an enviable port and logistics system, the second largest free zone in the world, a service based economy and the region’s best airport and cargo facilities. Moreover, it enjoys a good climate the whole year round, its tourism industry is growing at breathtaking speed, its is free of natural disasters, its capital -Panama City- is filled with world class hotels and restaurants and the political and social stability of a democratic country.
The person who fathered this law, Dr. Eduardo Morgan González, states “the sole purpose of this law was to introduce special legislation to attract and promote investment, create jobs and transfer knowledge and technology, in the process making the Republic of Panama more competitive in the global economy by optimal use of its geographical position, physical infrastructure and international services.”
For a better understanding of the benefits that Law no. 41 of August 24, 2007 may offer corporate clients searching for a place to establish their base of operations for Latin America, we summarize the most important aspects of said piece of legislation:
Definition of Multinational Headquarter (MHQ)
A global or regional headquarter is defined as a legal entity that provides services of the following nature or any combination thereof:
- Management and/or administration of companies belonging to an economic or corporate group in a specific geographic area or globally, including strategic planning, business development, managing and/or training of personnel, operation, control and/or logistics.
- Logistics and/or warehousing of components or parts required for the manufacturing or assembling of any products manufactured by the company.
- Technical assistance to companies of an economic or corporate group or to customers having acquired products or services from any such companies, for which the latter shall be under the obligation to provide support services.
- Financial management, including treasury services, of an economic or corporate group.
- Accounting for an economic or corporate group.
- Drawing plans as part of designs and/or construction works, in the normal course of business of the headquarters or any subsidiaries thereof.
- Electronic processing of any activity, including the consolidation of operations of an economic or corporate group. This service includes network operations.
- Consulting, coordinating and monitoring marketing and advertising strategies for goods or services produced by an economic or corporate group.
- Support of operations and research and development of products and services of an economic or corporate group.
- Any other analogous service previously approved by Cabinet.
The MHQ group capital must be equal or more than US$200 million.
Law No. 41 provides for several tax benefits, both at corporate and personal level (for management).
At corporate level, tax incentives are:
- Total exemption on Income Taxes. Since Panama has a territorial tax system, and since the MHQ will be operating offshore (providing services to its operations outside Panama), there is no taxable income. Given the case that the MHQ provides service to a local operation, such local operation will have to be provided through a separate legal entity (another company), and any transfers of funds from that entity to the MHQ will have to retain 12.5% as income tax.
- Possibility of negotiating a tax scheme. A MHQ will not pay taxes in Panama, but if for reasons of global tax planning it wants to pay taxes, it can do so through an agreement with the local tax authorities. This agreement can include the tax rate, and any other provision that the MHQ deems necessary, provided that such provision is not against Panamanian public policy or morals.
- Exemption from sales tax for services rendered to relate corporations abroad. MHQ invoicing to offshore operations are not subject to the 7% sales tax.
- It is important to point out that exemptions from these taxes do not include exception from filing tax information with tax authorities.
Foreign personnel of the company with a Multinational Headquarters License that is covered by a Permanent Employee Visa for a Multinational Headquarters Company (“Visa de Personal Permanente de Sede de Empresa Multinacional”) will not generate income taxes if payment is received from abroad. They are also exempted from Social Security contributions. However, for these employees and their dependents the company must provide private health insurance, which must be issued by an insurance company with license in the Republic of Panama.
Additionally, holders of a Permanent Employee Visa for a MHQ may import their household goods free of import tax and may import a vehicle for its family use every 2 years. However, sales taxes must be paid.
These tax exonerations will not apply to Panamanian employees or other foreign employees that are the holders of a visa different than a Permanent Employee Visa for a MHQ, which will be subject to the tax norms and provisions in force in the Republic of Panama.
Please note that Law No. 41 creates three (3) visas specifically for foreign employees of the MHQ. These visas are processed before the Ministry of Trade and Industry. These visas are:
- Special Visas for Permanent Personnel of MHQ. These visas are issued to foreign personnel at a managerial or executive level, and to their dependants. The visas will be issued for a 5 year period.
- Special Visas for Temporary Personnel of MHQ. These visas are issued to any personnel of a MHQ that has to come to Panama for activities related to the MHQ. It has a maximum duration of 3 months. This type of visa also eliminates the requirement of obtaining a working permit or any other permit from any governmental authority.
- Special visas (permits) for special events. These visas are to be issued to personnel of the MHQ that come to Panama to attend a specific event. These visas are only for MHQ personnel that hold a nationality which requires a visa to enter the country. All other personnel will not need to apply for this visa if coming only for a specific event or short visits, such as meetings, planning, technical training, etc.
Please note that the Permanent Employee Visa for a MHQ shall be given for a term that may not be longer than the term established in the employment contract, which shall in no case be longer than five (5) years. Holders of these types of visas will not be required to obtain a work permit (usually required for all other types of visas).
Labor regulation incentives
Law No. 41 exempts MHQ from the application of labor quotas, in the case of holders of Special Permanent or Temporal Permits for Permanent or Temporal Personnel of MHQ. These means that the proportion of 10% foreigners to 90% Panamanians required by the Labor Code, does not apply when foreigners working with the MHQ are holders of these Special Residence Permits.
In order to benefit from all of these incentives, a MHQ will have to apply for a license before the Licensing Commission for Multinational Headquarters.
As a final note, special areas in and around Panama City are being developed with modern infrastructure, logistical systems, communications, schools and housing to cater to the amount of executives and personnel of MHQ that are moving to live in Panama.
Carlos Ernesto González Ramírez, partner of Morgan & Morgan and expert Commercial and International Law, was interviewed by China Global Television (CGTN) as part of the report made by this news agency in the framework of the visit of public officials and Panamanian businessmen to the People´s Republic of China.
“We foresee as lawyers an increase in investment in Panama from Chinese companies, as well as an increase on vessels that will register as Panamanian Merchant Marine”, said Mr. Gonzalez Ramirez.
The complete report is available here.
Morgan & Morgan represented an insurance company in an arbitration dispute conducted under the AIDA Reinsurance and Insurance Arbitration Society Regulation, ARIAS US 2006
Morgan & Morgan represented an insurance company on a claim for coverage of several million dollars against a reinsurer who alleged the existence of defects in the extension endorsement, arbitration dispute conducted under the AIDA Reinsurance and Insurance Arbitration Society Regulation, ARIAS US 2006.
Partner Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez, and associate Mayte Sanchez, participated in this process.
Morgan & Morgan represented an insurance company in an arbitration process under the rules of the Center of Conciliation and Arbitration of Panama
Morgan & Morgan represented an insurance company, sued through an arbitration process under the rules of the Center for Conciliation and Arbitration of Panama, on a claim for damages arising out of the alleged existence of defect of consent in the signing of a work contract for the subrogation of a defaulting contractor. In this proceeding, we successfully advise our client on defenses both in form and in substance.
Partner Carlos Ernesto Gonzalez Ramirez, and associates Mayte Sanchez and Emma Cornejo, participated in this process.